What is dollar sign in Ruby?
$ identifies a global variable, as opposed to a local variable, @instance variable, or @@class variable. Among the language-supplied global variables are $: , which is also identified by $LOAD_PATH.
What does ‘?’ Mean in Ruby?
i know that the ‘?’ in ruby is something that checks the yes/no fulfillment.
What does @variable mean in Ruby?
In Ruby, the at-sign ( @ ) before a variable name (e.g. @variable_name ) is used to create a class instance variable. These variables are: … Specific to each instantiated object of the class they’re defined in (i.e. each class object instance has a separate copy of these variables).
What is scope in Ruby?
Scope defines where in a program a variable is accessible. Ruby has four types of variable scope, local, global, instance and class. In addition, Ruby has one constant type. … These are nil which is assigned to uninitialized variables and self which refers to the currently executing object.
What is unless in Ruby?
Ruby provides a special statement which is referred as unless statement. This statement is executed when the given condition is false. … In if statement, the block executes once the given condition is true, however in unless statement, the block of code executes once the given condition is false.
What does colon mean in Ruby?
Ruby symbols are created by placing a colon (:) before a word. You can think of it as an immutable string. A symbol is an instance of Symbol class, and for any given name of symbol there is only one Symbol object.
What does Attr_accessor mean in Ruby?
In Ruby, object methods are public by default, while data is private. … attr_accessor is a shortcut method when you need both attr_reader and attr_writer . Since both reading and writing data are common, the idiomatic method attr_accessor is quite useful.
What does .NEW mean in Ruby?
The important bit to learn for you is: the method initialize is a special method with a special meaning in Ruby: Whenever you call the method new on a class, as in Person. new , the class will create a new instance of itself. It will then, internally, call the method initialize on the new object.
What does .freeze do in Ruby?
The freeze method in Ruby is used to ensure that an object cannot be modified. This method is a great way to create immutable objects. Any attempt to modify an object that has called the freeze method will result in the program throwing a runtime error.
What is a constant in Ruby?
A constant in Ruby is like a variable, except that its value is supposed to remain constant for the duration of a program. … Although constants look like local variables with capital letters, they have the visibility of global variables: they can be used anywhere in a Ruby program without regard to scope.
What is polymorphic association in Rails?
In Ruby on Rails, a polymorphic association is an Active Record association that can connect a model to multiple other models. For example, we can use a single association to connect the Review model with the Event and Restaurant models, allowing us to connect a review with either an event or a restaurant.
Does Ruby have data types?
Data types in Ruby represent different categories of data such as text, string, numbers, etc. Since Ruby is an object-oriented language, all its supported data types are implemented as classes.