%w(foo bar) is a shortcut for [“foo”, “bar”] . Meaning it’s a notation to write an array of strings separated by spaces instead of commas and without quotes around them.
What does %w mean in rails?
These are the types of percent strings in ruby: %w : Array of Strings %i : Array of Symbols %q : String %r : Regular Expression %s : Symbol %x : Backtick (capture subshell result) Let take some example you have some set of characters which perform a paragraph like.
What does %I mean in Ruby?
Lowercase %i stands for. Non-interpolated Array of symbols, separated by whitespace (after Ruby 2.0) In addition, uppercase %I means. Interpolated Array of symbols, separated by whitespace (after Ruby 2.0)
What does %q mean in Ruby?
The % NotationEdit
|%q[ ]||Non-interpolated String (except for \ , [ , and ] )|
|%Q[ ]||Interpolated String (default)|
|%r[ ]||Interpolated Regexp (flags can appear after the closing delimiter)|
|%i[ ]||Non-interpolated Array of symbols, separated by whitespace (after Ruby 2.0)|
What is a literal in Ruby?
A literal is a special syntax in the Ruby language that creates an object of a specific type. For example, 23 is a literal that creates a Fixnum object. As for String literals, there are several forms.
What are symbols in Ruby?
In Ruby, symbols are immutable names primarily used as hash keys or for referencing method names.
How do I merge two arrays in Ruby?
This can be done in a few ways in Ruby. The first is the plus operator. This will append one array to the end of another, creating a third array with the elements of both. Alternatively, use the concat method (the + operator and concat method are functionally equivalent).
What is Colon in Ruby?
Ruby symbols are created by placing a colon (:) before a word. You can think of it as an immutable string. A symbol is an instance of Symbol class, and for any given name of symbol there is only one Symbol object.
What does @variable mean in Ruby?
In Ruby, the at-sign ( @ ) before a variable name (e.g. @variable_name ) is used to create a class instance variable. These variables are: … Specific to each instantiated object of the class they’re defined in (i.e. each class object instance has a separate copy of these variables).
What does =~ mean in Ruby?
=~ is Ruby’s basic pattern-matching operator. When one operand is a regular expression and the other is a string then the regular expression is used as a pattern to match against the string. (This operator is equivalently defined by Regexp and String so the order of String and Regexp do not matter.
What is map in Ruby?
Map is a Ruby method that you can use with Arrays, Hashes & Ranges. The main use for map is to TRANSFORM data. For example: Given an array of strings, you could go over every string & make every character UPPERCASE.
How do you continue a line in Ruby?
The backslash is a line continuation. Your code has two quoted runs of text; the runs appear like two strings, but are really just one string because Ruby concatenates whitespace-separated runs. Caution: + continues the statement but not the string. puts “foo”+”bar”.
What is string interpolation in Ruby?
String Interpolation, it is all about combining strings together, but not by using the + operator. String Interpolation works only when we use double quotes (“”) for the string formation. String Interpolation provides an easy way to process String literals.