(a) Diamond is a colourless transparent substance having extraordinary brilliance. It is made up of carbon. (b) A diamond crystal is a giant molecule of carbon atoms. Each carbon atom in the diamond crystal is linked to four other carbon atoms by strong covalent bonds.
What is called diamond?
Diamond is a solid form of pure carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal. Solid carbon comes in different forms known as allotropes depending on the type of chemical bond. The two most common allotropes of pure carbon are diamond and graphite.
What is diamond class10?
Diamonds are the homogeneous, naturally-occurring, solid, and generally inorganic substance with a definable chemical composition and an orderly internal arrangement of atoms. Diamonds originate under extremely high pressure. Pure carbon is compressed into the diamond structure. …
What is there in diamond?
It is the only gem known to man that is made of a single element, Carbon, besides graphite. Diamond is completely made of Carbon atoms (Chemical Composition – C) crystallized in a cubic (isometric) arrangement.
Why is it called a diamond?
The name diamond derives from the Greek word adamas, meaning invincible. This referred to both the extraordinary hardness of this mineral as well as, according to ancient myths, its supposed magic properties to protect against any poison or attack.
What is diamond used for?
They are known particularly for their use in jewelry, such as rings or necklaces, because of their durability and their luster. However, most diamonds are used industrially. Because of their hardness, diamonds are extremely useful when used to cut, grind, or drill other materials.
What is special diamond?
In addition to being the hardest substance known to man, diamonds also have unrivalled thermal conductivity (100x better than copper) and inertness, which makes poor quality ‘boart’ diamonds ideal for a whole host of next generation technology uses today.
What is Green diamond Class 8?
A green diamond is the rarest. The world’s first solar and wind-powered bus shelter is in Scotland. Norway was the first country in the world to develop hydroelectricity.
Why is a diamond hard?
Diamonds are made of carbon so they form as carbon atoms under a high temperature and pressure; they bond together to start growing crystals. … That’s why a diamond is such a hard material because you have each carbon atom participating in four of these very strong covalent bonds that form between carbon atoms.
What is graphite short answer?
Graphite (/ˈɡræfaɪt/), archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a hexagonal structure. It occurs naturally in this form and is the most stable form of carbon under standard conditions. Under high pressures and temperatures it converts to diamond.
What is diamond shaped?
Diamond shape refers to the geometric appearance of a diamond. Diamond shapes are categorized into two groups: round diamonds and fancy shape diamonds. … Tiffany fancy shape diamonds include princess, cushion, emerald, oval, pear, marquise, heart and our exclusive Tiffany True® diamond.
What is a diamond element?
Diamond is composed of the single element carbon, and it is the arrangement of the C atoms in the lattice that give diamond its amazing properties. Compare the structure of diamond and graphite, both composed of just carbon.
Where is diamond found?
Natural diamond has been discovered in 35 countries. Some diamonds have been found in the United States. Colorado, for instance, has produced a small number of diamonds. The following countries produce industrial grade diamonds: Australia, Botswana, Brazil, China, Congo, Russia and South Africa.
What girl name means diamond?
Gohar. This is an Indian name, widely used as it means ‘diamond’.
What is a nickname for diamond?
A diamond is often referred to as ice. Pop culture has an immense impact on diamond jargon and slang words used today. Due to a series of 007 movies, a diamond has been referred to as ‘ice’.